Our Changing Climate
Supporting farmers to be resilient in the face of changing weather patterns
According to NASA1, global temperature has increased by 1.7% since the late 19th century. 16 of the 17 warmest years on record have occurred since 2001 and carbon dioxide levels in the air are at their highest for 650,000 years. Global average sea level has risen 178mm over the past 100 years and, in 2012, Arctic summer sea ice shrank to the lowest extent on record.
But we don’t need to ask the experts to know that climate change is having a real and significant impact on the world. Ask many of the farmers we source our cocoa from, and they will tell you that temperature increase and changing rainfall patterns could have a serious impact on their ability to grow their crops.
Climate change and cocoa
Cocoa grows best in sunny climates. However, over the next several decades, cocoa sourcing countries are expected to become warmer, drier and less suitable for cocoa cultivation2.
Climate change is one of the most critical issues facing the farmers and communities we work with across our origin countries. Land that is currently suitable for cocoa production, such as in Ghana and Côte d’Ivoire, could become unviable as a result of changing weather patterns.
What will this mean for the farmers we work with and the countries we source from? It would certainly impact the livelihoods of our growers and their local communities. Left unmitigated, it could also affect global cocoa sourcing stability for our company.
Society today is at a critical crossroad as it considers the role of business in curbing climate change. We know that reducing and mitigating the impacts is crucial to future global food security. For Cargill, this means supporting cocoa farmers to become more resilient – and this goal is one of our top priorities. We have already set up 3,199 Farmer Field Schools across our five origin countries, providing training to 145,064 farmers in Good Agricultural Practices to help them tackle the effects of climate change.
To maintain the effectiveness of our approach, we take a global view. We are monitoring climate research to ensure we understand its potential future impact on the sector. And we continuously apply what we learn through our work in each country, adapting our approach and applying best practices that meet the specific – and changing – needs and challenges of individual countries and communities.
Supporting our goals
Our work to tackle climate change supports our Cargill Cocoa Promise goals of strengthening farmer resilience, protecting the environment and community wellbeing.